Spinal stenosis is a spinal condition that occurs due to the closing of space between spinal components. This causes stress on the spinal nerves, which travels throughout the spine, thus causing pain. Its common occurrence is in the lumbar back (lower back) and cervical spine (neck region).
In some people suffering from spinal stenosis, symptoms may not be visible, while others may have pain, numbness, tingling sensations, and weakness of muscles. The symptoms of this condition may become worse over time.
Spinal stenosis can be of two types depending on the location of the condition. It is also possible to have spinal stenosis at more than one location in the spine.
- Lumbar spinal stenosis: This is the most common type of spinal stenosis condition, and it occurs in the lower back.
- Cervical spinal stenosis: The narrowing of the spine in the neck characterizes this condition.
- Spinal bone overgrowth
- Herniated or bulging disc
- Thickening of ligaments
- Tumor in the spine
- Injuries or trauma to the spine
Signs and Symptoms
Spinal stenosis signs may vary depending on the location where it occurs.
- Tingling sensations and weakness in the hands, arms, feet or leg
- Walking and balancing problems
- Pain in the neck
- Dysfunction of bowel or bladder in severe cases
- Tingling sensations or numbness in the hands, arms, feet or leg
- Weakness in the leg or foot
- Pain in the back
- Cramps or pain in one leg or both legs while walking or standing for a long time that is usually relieved when you sit or bend
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