Herniated or bulging disc is a condition that is caused by the problem in one or more of the spinal discs. The spine is made up of separate segments. These segments have a rubber-like cushion in between individual segments that are stacked over one another to make the spinal cord.
The center of each spinal disc is soft and jellylike, which is encased in a sturdy and rubber-like exterior called annulus. Sometimes due to injury or wear and tear of the surface of the spinal disc, the center is pushed outside the annulus, which can irritate the nearby spinal nerves. This condition is known as a herniated or bulging disc. Depending on the location of a herniated disc, it can lead to numbness, weakness in arms or legs and pain.
Signs and Symptoms
In most cases, the herniated or bulging disc condition happens in the lower back, although in some cases it may also occur in the neck. The symptoms of this condition vary depending on the location of the herniated disc. Also, if the disc is pressing your nerve, it can cause the pain.
- Pain in one arm or legTingling sensations or numbness
- Weakness in muscles
Some people may not have any symptoms of the herniated disc, but they may have it.
There are different causes of the herniated or bulging disc; however, the most common causes are the following:
- Gradual degeneration or wear and tear of the spinal disc due to aging, which makes it less flexible and more vulnerable to rupturing
- Pressure on back muscles for lifting heavy objects
- Twisting or turning while lifting heavy loads
- Trauma or injury in rare cases
- Excess body weight increases the risk factor of developing a herniated disc
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